When considering issues that we may have with our health, a condition of our veins is not high on the list of health issues that we give much thought to. Young or old, there are vein conditions that we need to be aware of. Some vein conditions are hereditary and some are a result of a health condition, thankfully something can be done about these vein conditions.
Telangiectasia (Spider Veins)
A very common vein condition–spider veins–can be on our face, nose, or feet and macular telangiectasia can affect our eyes. Often hereditary, but it doesn’t mean that one has to live with them. Obesity and smoking, both of which restrict our circulation, are also big contributors to spider veins.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep Vein Thrombosis is a vein condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep vein, usually occurring in our legs. It can cause swelling, although there are often no symptoms. Due to a lack of mobility, a sedentary lifestyle, and certain medical conditions it can cause DVT. It is considered a serious condition because blood clots can break free, travel through your blood stream, and lodge in your lung which can cause pulmonary embolism, which can also cause death.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
PAD is a vein condition that is a common circulatory problem. When we develop PAD, certain areas, usually our legs, don’t receive enough blood flow. PAD can cause the following symptoms:
- Cramping in your hip, thigh or calf muscles after walking or climbing stairs
- A foot or lower leg that is cold, especially when compared to your other leg
- Change in the color of your leg
- PAD can cause erectile dysfunction
- Sores on your toes, feet, or legs that will not heal
- Toenails that grow slow
- Weak pulse or no pulse in your feet or legs
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) or Chronic Venous Disease (CVD)
This vein condition occurs when the leg veins do not allow blood to travel back to our heart. It is caused by weakened valves in the veins causing blood to flow in both directions instead of toward the heart. When the valves are not working properly, blood will pool in the legs that can cause swelling, leg pain and may cause ulcers on our legs if left untreated.
Any vein on your body can become varicose, although are usually on our legs and feet. Often merely a cosmetic nuisance for others, varicose veins can cause discomfort and aching in the legs and feet. Signs and symptoms of varicose veins include veins that are knotty, bulging and dark purple or blue. They can cause a heavy feeling in the legs, and throbbing, burning, swelling and muscle cramps in the lower legs of those of us who have this affliction.
Other signs of varicose veins are itching around the affected vein and pain in legs that increases after standing or sitting for long periods. If skin ulcers around ankles occur, it can be the sign of a serious form of vascular disease and you need to seek medical advice.
Think You May Have a Vein Condition?
If you think you have any of these conditions, contact The Vein Institute of Utah for a free vein assessment and we can diagnose your health issues.